Hip Dysplasia

Beautiful dog at the parkHip dysplasia is a genetic disease that many good breeders are trying to eliminate. It is severe arthritis that starts at a young age. The impact of bad hips on a dog’s life and an owner’s money and emotions takes a great toll. The cause of pain in the dog comes from the fact that the ball of the hip, the femoral head, no longer fits properly into the socket, the acetabulum. The bad ball and socket joint can show up as early as 8 weeks in a puppy. The owner may notice a puppy who is reluctant to jump and play as much as the other dogs.The puppy may also walk on its toes or have a “stiff-leg” walk. Most dogs though, tend to show signs of hip dysplasia later in development and usually before 2 years of age. Signs may include weakness in the rear, reluctance to walk or stand for very long, not wanting to do stairs, having trouble rising or sitting down, and loss of appetite.

Treatment

There are many different ways to treat hip dysplasia. The first is to try drug therapy. Some dogs can manage by taking pain medicine along with glucosamine to help lubricate the damaged joint. Others need surgery. There are many different types of surgery and depending on the age, weight, and activity of the dog, your veterinarian can decide which one is best for you. None of these options come cheap or easy. There has to be a serious dedication on the owners part to make any of these treatments succeed.

The Orthopedic Foundation of America registers purebreed dogs and cats ( yes, cats can get it, too!) on hip condition. Any reputable breeder that raises certain breeds known for hip dysplasia will be registered here. If you are looking for a Golden Retriever, you should make sure the parents are registered here. It will initially cost you more, but in the long run may save you and your new puppy from facing this condition. For a closer look at hip dysplasia go to their website www.offa.org. Their rating system is: Excellent, Good, Fair, Borderline, Mild, Moderate, Severe. Hopefully you chose a dog (or cat) whose parents are either good or excellent! Here are some of the ratings:

HIP DYSPLASIA RATINGS

BREED # TESTED % EXCELLENT % DYSPLASTIC
PUG 228 0.0 60.5
ST. BERNARD 1798 4.1 46.8
BASSET HOUND 120 0.0 30
NEWFOUNDLAND 10474 6.7 26.3
MAINE COON CAT 780 4.6 22.4
ROTTWEILER 81313 7.7 20.7
GOLDEN RETRIEVER 96873 3.3 20.7
GERMAN SHEPHERD 77679 3.3 19.3
MASTIFF 6626 7.0 19.3
PEMBROKE WELSH CORGI 6540 2.9 17.0
BEAGLE 383 2.9 15.7
ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL 9636 7.9 14.6
SIBERIAN HUSKY 13748 32.2 2.0
COCKER SPANIEL 8052 10.2 6.4
DOBERMAN PINSCHER 10932 17.5 6.2
BICHON FRISE 2021 10.7 6.2
SHETLAND SHEEPDOG 11718 27.6 5.0
POODLE 13336 10.3 13.2
LABRADOR RETRIEVER 145913 16.4 12.8
BOXER 3144 3.3 10.9
CAVALIER KING CHARLES SP. 2373 4.3 10.7
GREAT PYRENEES 4487 13.7 9.5
WEIMARANER 8466 19.7 8.9